MEASURING UNITS FOR COOKING. COOKING GAMES BAKING GAMES
Measuring Units For Cooking
- (measuring unit) a unit of measurement
- The process of preparing food by heating it
- the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
- (cook) prepare a hot meal; "My husband doesn't cook"
- Food that has been prepared in a particular way
- The practice or skill of preparing food
- (cook) someone who cooks food
15th U.S. Cavalry, H Troop on November 28th, 1912 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas - Happy Thanksgiving!
What an occasion Thanksgiving dinner must have been in 1912 for H Troop, 15th U.S. Cavalry! Their mess hall is festooned with hundreds of yards of colored crepe paper streamers, and the board is spread with a bountiful feast.
The strange table settings probably would induce an apoplectic seizure in an etiquette maven such as the likes of Emily Post. Dinner plates are turned upside down, and soup bowls rest on top of them. Coffee mugs are down-turned, and a festive apple has been placed on top of each mug. Huge stalks of celery spill out of gravy boats.
But the food, glorious food on the near end of the table looks delightful - pies, a coconut cake, tortes, and what might be a congealed salad or aspic. Perhaps the turkey or ham is located in the out-of-focus area further up the table. Each soldier has a small glass of dark-colored liquid to his left, which might be wine or some sort of fruit juice. A white-jacketed mess steward or cook stands at the back of the room.
A 15th Cavalry, H Troop guidon tacked up on the far wall of the mess hall serves to identify this unit. Additionally, at high resolution the collar insignias with the number "15" over crossed sabers and the letter "H" under the sabers also provide further proof of identification.
The actual photograph itself measures 7" by 5". The brown cardboard to which it is affixed measures 8" by 10" and is blind stamped "Hebard, Ft. Leavenworth, Kan." (not visible in this scan). On the back written in ink is the name "Ferd Olson."
History of the 15th U.S. Cavalry Regiment
The 15th Cavalry Regiment is a cavalry regiment of the United States Army. As one of the Expansion Units originally established for the Spanish American War, it was formed in 1901 at the Presidio of San Francisco, California.
Immediately upon its organization in 1901, the 15th Cavalry embarked for the Philippines to quell an insurrection in the United States' newly acquired territory. The fierce combat in the Philippine jungles against the Moros forged the spirit of the Regiment in fire and blood; a spirit exemplified in the motto the Regiment chose for itself-TOUS POUR UN, UN POUR TOUS (All for one, one for all).
The Regiment's next action was part of the Cuban Pacification from 1906 to 1909, followed by duty along the Mexican border and the hunt for Poncho Villa from December 1917 to March 1918.
When the United States entered World War I, the Regiment sailed for France as one of the four mounted Regiments on duty with the Allied Expeditionary Force. The fighting had already bogged down into trench warfare and the role of horse Cavalry was nearly over. The 15th was called upon to dismount and relieve exhausted infantry units in the trenches. It was the tank that finally broke the trench lines to end both the war and the role of the horse soldier. The 15th served occupation duty after the war until June 1919 when it returned to the United States.
Sadly after 20 years of continuous active service, the Regiment was deactivated on 18 October 1921 as part of the massive cutbacks in the Regular Army following the "War to End All Wars".
With the advent of the Second World War, the 15th was again called to service in March of 1942. The spirit and elan of the Cavalry were to lead the Army again, this time with new mounts - the armored car and tank.
After undergoing training at the Desert Training Center in California, the regiment sailed for the European Theater of Operations, arriving in Scotland in March 1944. Here, the 15th was reorganized as the 15th Cavalry Group (Mechanized). The Group was composed of the 15th and 17th Reconnaissance Squadrons. The 15th Cavalry Group landed on Utah Beach on the 5 July 1944 as part of Patton's Third Army.
The 15th served in four major campaigns in Europe: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, and Central Europe. The 15th Cavalry Group and its two squadrons fought as part of the Third Army, Ninth Army and was later assigned as a security force for several different divisions.
The end of the war found the 15th deep inside Germany, after having covered over a thousand miles of enemy held territory since landing on the Continent began in June 1944. When the war ended, the 15th Cavalry Group and its two squadrons had taken nearly 7,000 German prisoners and had destroyed 78 guns and 495 enemy vehicles.
0224 Kitchen House at Chatham Manor (Lacy House) at Fredericksburg,Va.
Chatham has watched quietly over fredericksburg for aloust 250 years-an impsing 180-foot-long brick manor once visible from town.
William Fitzhugh and his wife Ann Ranolph Fitzhugh built Chatham in 1771.Fitzhugh knew George Washington well and supported the revolution with spirts and funds (though not with service-he had lost an eye as a child).The fitzhugh's granddaughter later married Robert E.Lee.
Slaves did virtually all the work that kept Chatham worthy of it widespread reputation for productivity,elegance,and hospitally.Before the Civil war,it's unlikely that white residents ever amounted to more than 20 percent of Chatham's popultion.At times as many as 100 slaves lived here.They worked field,cooked meals ran the mills,seined for shad and sturgeon,shod horses,slautered livestock,made barrels,did laundry picked fruit,and did a thousand other things that generated income,luxuries,and status for Chatham's owner's
Those slaves formed a vibrat community beyond the "big house."Sone lived in the laundry and kitchen,but most lived in cabins removed from the owner's veiw.There they sustained family units and cultural traditions as best they could,asserting at least some measure of control over their non-work hours.When not in their living quaters,slaves at Chatham functioned under the gaze of an overseer.He controlled their daily schedule,whom they could visit,and when they could rest.
Chatham's outbuildings with the laundry and kitchen served as both workplace and living space.
The simle architecture of slave cabins contrated hugely with the elegance of the "big House."
Abvertisement for the slaves of Chatham,we know only their occupations,nicknames,and occasionally their value on the open market.
It has witnessed great events and played host to important people.George Washington Thomas Jefferson.
James Horce Lacy and his wife Betty Churchill Jones Lacy owned Chatham during the Civil War.Lacy held more than 100 slaves and supported seccession with same fervor that Fitzhugh had supported the Revolution.The war devastated both Chatham and the Lacy'ss fortune.
Abraham lincoln were here;Clara barrton and Walt Whitman.To some residents it was a home,to others a place of toil,and to soldiers during the war a headquaters or hospital.
The Union Army used Chatham repeatedly during the war-as a hospital,a headquaters,and even as a stable.
Herar Chatham,as at few other places is the full breath of Southern history:it rise on the foundation of slavery,its ruin the turbulet year of the Civil war,and rebirth in the 1900s.Chatham is not merely the story of a Southern house,but of American culture-sometimes and cruel and unjust,sometime noble and refined,but always interesting.
The kitchen was other regate to outbuilding,separt for the big house the was operte by slaves,and their workeplace had living area.By social standerds of the times were used to prepar meals for harvast work and such as canning during the warm summer months.
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